Born in in Mülheim on the Ruhr on 6.6.1892 died in Wesel on 10.10.1966. In 1912 he began his formal training as an artist at the Art Academies in Düsseldorf and Weimar. After only a few months he left the Weimar Academy, where his teachers were Fritz Mackensen and Albin Egger-Lienz and went on a study trip to the Netherlands with Werner Gilles. Afterwards (1914), he spent two months in Paris, where he attended the Académie russe and the Académie de la Grande Chaumière. Between 1914-1917 he was a soldier in France in World War I.

Returning to Düsseldorf in 1919, he was a founder of the “Junge Rheinland” (Young Rhineland) group. With Otto Dix, Gert Heinrich Wollheim, and Adolf Uzarski, among others, he was one of the painters championed by the art dealer Johanna Ey. In 1921 he married the journalist Hulda Droste.

When Hitler came to power in 1933, Pankok was declared a degenerate artist. Subsequently, 56 of his pictures were seized from museums, some of which were included in the infamous exhibition Entartete Kunst (Degenerate Art), mounted by the Nazis in Munich in 1937.

Following the war (from 1947 to 1958) he was a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts in Düsseldorf, where Günter Grass, Gotthard Graubner and Günther Uecker were among his students. Except in the years of the Nazi regime, Pankok traveled extensively and painted on his journeys.

Pankok’s works are typically large monochrome paintings. He also created an extensive body of graphic work, notably woodcuts and monotypes. Pankok’s pictures show humans, animals and landscapes, realistically and expressively, often depicting people at the edge of society. Pankok also created over 200 (mostly small scale) bronze sculptures. From 1924 to 1933 Pankok regularly contributed portrait drawings to the Düsseldorf daily newspaper “Der Mittag”.

Otto Pankok lived in Ohrid Macedonia between 1954 and 1957, where he created several woodcuts and bronze sculptures. He was inspired by the faces of the people and Macedonian peasant lifestyle. His stay in Macedonia was documented in the memoirs of his daughter Eva Pankok and his wife Hilda Pankok (Hilda started to create works of art herself in Ohrid, later she became an artist). The exhibition of Pankok’s Macedonian period was held at the Otto-Pankok museum in 2007. A woodcut with title “Harbor Scene in Ohrid” sold by the auction house Karl &Faber, Germany, on 12.05.2018 (lot number 784) is in the private collection of the author of this lexicon. A bronze sculpture entitled “Schmied (Blacksmith) in Ohrid II 1957” is for sale at Gallery at Wassersturn for 7900 euro.

Otto Pankok 1893-1966 Self portrait in Ohrid 1954 woodcut
Otto Pankok 1893-1966 Blacksmith from Ohrid II 1957-bronze
Otto Pankok (1893-1966) Ohrid harbor 1955-woodcut

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About Me

Vlatko potpis s

This lexicon is a result of my 15 years long period of researching & documenting the personalities and the artworks of the foreign painters, sculptors, illustrators, and photographers having visited different spots of the geographic territory of Macedonia, there having created works of art there over a 100-years long period i.e. between 1850-1950. Their presence and artwork in the Macedonian milieus represent a notable cultural heritage to the international linkage of the ethnic Macedonians as well as to all the ethnicities living in the picturesque territory of Macedonia and the cultures of modern-day countries spread over parts of the geographic territory of Macedonia. Witnessing the artistic contributions of the foreign artist, we are proud of their Macedonia-themed creative works and experiences. I believe that their artworks, having been inspired and created over the vast region of Macedonia, unite us all in these challenging times, and under the facts and the values of the artistic beauty.

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